Thurs 10/1/19

Proverbs 7:6-27 … WARNINGS AGAINST THE DECEPTIVE ENTICEMENTS OF A HARLOT.

Q.1. How did the young man display a lack of sense? What kind of a woman is a harlot? What makes her words hypocritical? What offer did she make to the young man? – (Prov.7:6-18) =

Q.2. Where was the harlot’s husband? Does she easily give up trying to trap the young man? What is the cost of his indiscretion? What is Solomon’s warning to his sons? – (Prov.7:19-27) =

For at the window of my house
    I have looked out through my lattice,
and I have seen among the simple,
    I have perceived among the youths,
    a young man lacking sense,
passing along the street near her corner,
    taking the road to her house
in the twilight, in the evening,
    at the time of night and darkness.

10 And behold, the woman meets him,
    dressed as a prostitute, wily of heart.[a]
11 She is loud and wayward;
    her feet do not stay at home;
12 now in the street, now in the market,
    and at every corner she lies in wait.
13 She seizes him and kisses him,
    and with bold face she says to him,
14 “I had to offer sacrifices,[b]
    and today I have paid my vows;
15 so now I have come out to meet you,
    to seek you eagerly, and I have found you.
16 I have spread my couch with coverings,
    colored linens from Egyptian linen;
17 I have perfumed my bed with myrrh,
    aloes, and cinnamon.
18 Come, let us take our fill of love till morning;
    let us delight ourselves with love.
19 For my husband is not at home;
    he has gone on a long journey;
20 he took a bag of money with him;
    at full moon he will come home.”

21 With much seductive speech she persuades him;
    with her smooth talk she compels him.
22 All at once he follows her,
    as an ox goes to the slaughter,
or as a stag is caught fast[c]
23     till an arrow pierces its liver;
as a bird rushes into a snare;
    he does not know that it will cost him his life.

24 And now, O sons, listen to me,
    and be attentive to the words of my mouth.
25 Let not your heart turn aside to her ways;
    do not stray into her paths,
26 for many a victim has she laid low,
    and all her slain are a mighty throng.
27 Her house is the way to Sheol,
    going down to the chambers of death.


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@oakdenbaptist.org.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

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Wed 9/1/19

1 Samuel 3:1-21 … GOD CALLS SAMUEL TO BE HIS SERVANT AND PROPHET TO ISRAEL.

Q.1. What were the spiritual conditions in which Samuel began to minister? Where was Samuel when God called him? Did Samuel know whose voice it was? How did Eli respond? – (1 Sam.3:1-6) =

Q.2. How did Eli know that God was speaking? How did he tell Samuel to respond? Why could you say this was Samuel’s conversion? What made God’s words to Samuel foundational? – (1 Sam.3:7-14) =

Q.3. Did Samuel pass on God’s message? Why or why not? What made him share the prophecy? How much did he tell Eli? What happened after God revealed Himself to Samuel? – (1 Sam.3:15-21) =

The Lord Calls Samuel

Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the Lord in the presence of Eli. And the word of the Lord was rare in those days; there was no frequent vision.

At that time Eli, whose eyesight had begun to grow dim so that he could not see, was lying down in his own place. The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was.

Then the Lord called Samuel, and he said, “Here I am!” and ran to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” But he said, “I did not call; lie down again.” So he went and lay down.

And the Lord called again, “Samuel!” and Samuel arose and went to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” But he said, “I did not call, my son; lie down again.” Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord, and the word of the Lord had not yet been revealed to him.

And the Lord called Samuel again the third time. And he arose and went to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” Then Eli perceived that the Lord was calling the boy. Therefore Eli said to Samuel, “Go, lie down, and if he calls you, you shall say, ‘Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.’” So Samuel went and lay down in his place.

10 And the Lord came and stood, calling as at other times, “Samuel! Samuel!” And Samuel said, “Speak, for your servant hears.” 11 Then the Lord said to Samuel, “Behold, I am about to do a thing in Israel at which the two ears of everyone who hears it will tingle. 12 On that day I will fulfill against Eli all that I have spoken concerning his house, from beginning to end. 13 And I declare to him that I am about to punish his house forever, for the iniquity that he knew, because his sons were blaspheming God,[a] and he did not restrain them. 14 Therefore I swear to the house of Eli that the iniquity of Eli’s house shall not be atoned for by sacrifice or offering forever.”

15 Samuel lay until morning; then he opened the doors of the house of the Lord. And Samuel was afraid to tell the vision to Eli. 16 But Eli called Samuel and said, “Samuel, my son.” And he said, “Here I am.” 17 And Eli said, “What was it that he told you? Do not hide it from me. May God do so to you and more also if you hide anything from me of all that he told you.” 18 So Samuel told him everything and hid nothing from him. And he said, “It is the Lord. Let him do what seems good to him.”

19 And Samuel grew, and the Lord was with him and let none of his words fall to the ground. 20 And all Israel from Dan to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established as a prophet of the Lord. 21 And the Lordappeared again at Shiloh, for the Lord revealed himself to Samuel at Shiloh by the word of the Lord.

 


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@oakdenbaptist.org.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Tues 8/1/19

Genesis 47:1-12 … JACOB BLESSES PHARAOH AND THE SEPARATION OF ISRAEL FROM THE EGYPTIANS.

Q.1. Why did Joseph select five brothers to represent the rest? What was their request? How were they received by Pharaoh? What did Pharaoh want from them? – (Gen.47:1-6) =

Q.2. What surprising thing took place when Pharaoh met Jacob? How did Jacob view his life? What provision did Joseph make for his father and brothers? – (Gen.47:7-12) =

Q.3. Did Joseph allow the Egyptians to become socially dependent? How did he treat the religious leaders? What did the Egyptians think about Joseph? – (Gen.47:13-26) =

Q.4. How did Israel fare while in Egypt? Why did Jacob make Joseph promise to bury him in Canaan? What made the promise by Joseph sure? – (Gen.47:27-31) =

Jacob’s Family Settles in Goshen

47 So Joseph went in and told Pharaoh, “My father and my brothers, with their flocks and herds and all that they possess, have come from the land of Canaan. They are now in the land of Goshen.” And from among his brothers he took five men and presented them to Pharaoh.Pharaoh said to his brothers, “What is your occupation?” And they said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are shepherds, as our fathers were.” They said to Pharaoh, “We have come to sojourn in the land, for there is no pasture for your servants’ flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. And now, please let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen.”Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. The land of Egypt is before you. Settle your father and your brothers in the best of the land. Let them settle in the land of Goshen, and if you know any able men among them, put them in charge of my livestock.”

Then Joseph brought in Jacob his father and stood him before Pharaoh, and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. And Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How many are the days of the years of your life?” And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my sojourning are 130 years. Few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their sojourning.” 10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from the presence of Pharaoh. 11 Then Joseph settled his father and his brothers and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. 12 And Joseph provided his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household with food, according to the number of their dependents.

 


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Mon 7/1/19

Matthew 24:15-35 … JESUS UNFOLDS THE HORRIBLE EVENTS THAT USHER IN THE END.

Q.1. Is the abomination of desolation still future? How does the N.T. explain it? How terrible will this event be according to Jesus? – (Mt.24:15-22 c.f. Dan.9:27; 2 Thes.2:4; Rev.14:14-20; 16:17-21) =

Q.2. How will the antichrist deceive the nations? Who are the elect? How is it that he will he fail to mislead the elect? What warning does Jesus bring? – (Mt.24:23-28 c.f. Rom. 11:28-29; Rev.13:11-15) =

Q.3. How will this time of great tribulation end? How will the nations react? What will Christ’s agenda be? – (Mt.24:29-31 c.f. Zech.12:10-13:1; Mt.13:40-43; 49-50; Rev.1:7; 19:11-16) =

Q.4. What should we learn from the fig tree? How is the Lord portrayed as standing at the door? Which generation is ‘this generation’? How dependable is this prophecy? – (Mt.24:32-35; Rev.3:20) =

The Abomination of Desolation

15 “So when you see the abomination of desolation spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand),16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 17 Let the one who is on the housetop not go down to take what is in his house, 18 and let the one who is in the field not turn back to take his cloak. 19 And alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days! 20 Pray that your flight may not be in winter or on a Sabbath.21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, and never will be. 22 And if those days had not been cut short, no human being would be saved. But for the sake of the elect those days will be cut short. 23 Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There he is!’ do not believe it. 24 For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect. 25 See, I have told you beforehand. 26 So, if they say to you, ‘Look, he is in the wilderness,’ do not go out. If they say, ‘Look, he is in the inner rooms,’ do not believe it. 27 For as the lightning comes from the east and shines as far as the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 28 Wherever the corpse is, there the vultures will gather.

The Coming of the Son of Man

29 “Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 30 Then will appear in heaven the sign of the Son of Man, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

The Lesson of the Fig Tree

32 “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. 33 So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates. 34 Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. 35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Sat 5/1/19

1 Corinthians 10:23-33 & 11:1 … ‘WHATEVER YOU DO, DO ALL TO THE GLORY OF GOD’.

Q.1. What principles should govern our lifestyle? How broad is our liberty in Christ? What else should direct our conscience before God and people? – (1 Cor.10:23-29) =

Q.2. How should we rationalize the restrictions placed on us from others? What should our attitude ultimately be? Why did Paul modify his lifestyle before others? – (1 Cor.10:30-33; 11:1)

Do All to the Glory of God

23 “All things are lawful,” but not all things are helpful. “All things are lawful,” but not all things build up. 24 Let no one seek his own good, but the good of his neighbor. 25 Eat whatever is sold in the meat market without raising any question on the ground of conscience. 26 For “the earth is the Lord’s, and the fullness thereof.” 27 If one of the unbelievers invites you to dinner and you are disposed to go, eat whatever is set before you without raising any question on the ground of conscience.28 But if someone says to you, “This has been offered in sacrifice,” then do not eat it, for the sake of the one who informed you, and for the sake of conscience— 29 I do not mean your conscience, but his. For why should my liberty be determined by someone else’s conscience? 30 If I partake with thankfulness, why am I denounced because of that for which I give thanks?

31 So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. 32 Give no offense to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God,33 just as I try to please everyone in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage, but that of many, that they may be saved.

11 Be imitators of me, as I am of Christ.

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. What principles should govern our lifestyle? How broad is our liberty in Christ? What else should direct our conscience before God and people? – (1 Cor.10:23-29) = We must learn to ask the right questions: Not – Is it lawful or allowable? But – Does it profit & build up others? (1 Cor.10:23). Not – Is it beneficial to me? But – Does it benefit others? (1 Cor.10:24). Since God made everything there is, we should enjoy things without having too many questions (1 Cor.10:25f). This especially applies to our own liberty amongst unbelievers (unless a believer points out the connection) (1 Cor.10:27f). He encourages believers to enjoy their liberty in Christ but to be aware of how these liberties may impact on the faith of others (1 Cor.10:29-30).

Q.2. How should we rationalize the restrictions placed on us from others? What should our attitude ultimately be? Why did Paul modify his lifestyle before others? – (1 Cor.10:30-33; 11:1) = Paul suggests that regardless of how you live, you will always have critics and those that malign you (1 Cor.10:30).  He identifies Jews, Greeks, and other churches (like denominations today) as having differences. He urges the Corinthians not to cause offense to any of these groups (1 Cor.10:32). He lays down a principle that should govern everything we do – Whether, then, you eat or drink or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God (1 Cor.10:31). The reason he would not insist on his own liberties is that he sought to – … please all men in all things, not seeking my own profit but the profit of the many, so that they may be saved (1 Cor.10:33). He tried to follow in the footsteps of Jesus. Consequently, he could urge them – Be imitators of me, just as I also am of Christ (1 Cor.11:1).


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Fri 4/1/19

Isaiah 51:1-23 … BEFORE JUDAH’S EXILE GOD PROMISES TO BLESS THEM IN FUTURE.

Q.1. What gave God the right to Israel’s allegiance? How far will the Law of the Lord be administered? What indication do we have that this blessing is yet future? – (Isa.51:1-11 c.f. Isa.2:2-5) =

Q.2. How can God claim to have the power to comfort us? Why will God have to pour out His wrath on His people? Will the exile be the end? What does God promise them? – (Isa.51:12-23) =

The Lord‘s Comfort for Zion

51 “Listen to me, you who pursue righteousness,
    you who seek the Lord:
look to the rock from which you were hewn,
    and to the quarry from which you were dug.
Look to Abraham your father
    and to Sarah who bore you;
for he was but one when I called him,
    that I might bless him and multiply him.
For the Lord comforts Zion;
    he comforts all her waste places
and makes her wilderness like Eden,
    her desert like the garden of the Lord;
joy and gladness will be found in her,
    thanksgiving and the voice of song.

“Give attention to me, my people,
    and give ear to me, my nation;
for a law[a] will go out from me,
    and I will set my justice for a light to the peoples.
My righteousness draws near,
    my salvation has gone out,
    and my arms will judge the peoples;
the coastlands hope for me,
    and for my arm they wait.
Lift up your eyes to the heavens,
    and look at the earth beneath;
for the heavens vanish like smoke,
    the earth will wear out like a garment,
    and they who dwell in it will die in like manner;[b]
but my salvation will be forever,
    and my righteousness will never be dismayed.

“Listen to me, you who know righteousness,
    the people in whose heart is my law;
fear not the reproach of man,
    nor be dismayed at their revilings.
For the moth will eat them up like a garment,
    and the worm will eat them like wool,
but my righteousness will be forever,
    and my salvation to all generations.”

Awake, awake, put on strength,
    O arm of the Lord;
awake, as in days of old,
    the generations of long ago.
Was it not you who cut Rahab in pieces,
    who pierced the dragon?
10 Was it not you who dried up the sea,
    the waters of the great deep,
who made the depths of the sea a way
    for the redeemed to pass over?
11 And the ransomed of the Lord shall return
    and come to Zion with singing;
everlasting joy shall be upon their heads;
    they shall obtain gladness and joy,
    and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.

12 “I, I am he who comforts you;
    who are you that you are afraid of man who dies,
    of the son of man who is made like grass,
13 and have forgotten the Lord, your Maker,
    who stretched out the heavens
    and laid the foundations of the earth,
and you fear continually all the day
    because of the wrath of the oppressor,
when he sets himself to destroy?
    And where is the wrath of the oppressor?
14 He who is bowed down shall speedily be released;
    he shall not die and go down to the pit,
    neither shall his bread be lacking.
15 I am the Lord your God,
    who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar—
    the Lord of hosts is his name.
16 And I have put my words in your mouth
    and covered you in the shadow of my hand,
establishing[c] the heavens
    and laying the foundations of the earth,
    and saying to Zion, ‘You are my people.’”

17 Wake yourself, wake yourself,
    stand up, O Jerusalem,
you who have drunk from the hand of the Lord
    the cup of his wrath,
who have drunk to the dregs
    the bowl, the cup of staggering.
18 There is none to guide her
    among all the sons she has borne;
there is none to take her by the hand
    among all the sons she has brought up.
19 These two things have happened to you—
    who will console you?—
devastation and destruction, famine and sword;
    who will comfort you?[d]
20 Your sons have fainted;
    they lie at the head of every street
    like an antelope in a net;
they are full of the wrath of the Lord,
    the rebuke of your God.

21 Therefore hear this, you who are afflicted,
    who are drunk, but not with wine:
22 Thus says your Lord, the Lord,
    your God who pleads the cause of his people:
“Behold, I have taken from your hand the cup of staggering;
the bowl of my wrath you shall drink no more;
23 and I will put it into the hand of your tormentors,
    who have said to you,
    ‘Bow down, that we may pass over’;
and you have made your back like the ground
    and like the street for them to pass over.”

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. What gave God the right to Israel’s allegiance? How far will the Law of the Lord be administered? What indication is there that this blessing is yet future? – (Isa.51:1-11 c.f. Isa.2:2-5) = God through Isaiah gives Israel a history lesson, starting from the call of Abraham and Sarah to his multiplied descendants. He is their Founder and Saviour. All who pursue righteousness should reconsider the founding of the nation (Isa.51:1-2). He foretells their demise, and predicts that the land will become a waste and wilderness. However, He declares His future intention – Indeed, the Lord will comfort Zion; He will comfort all her waste places. And her wilderness He will make like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the Lord; Joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and sound of a melody (Isa.51:3). His law will extend world-wide – 4  … For a law will go forth from Me, and I will set My justice for a light of the peoples 5 “My righteousness is near, My salvation has gone forth, and My arms will judge the peoples; The coastlands will wait for Me, and for My arm they will wait expectantly. 6 “Lift up your eyes to the sky. Then look to the earth beneath; For the sky will vanish like smoke, and the earth will wear out like a garment and its inhabitants will die in like manner; But My salvation will be forever, and My righteousness will not wane (Isa.51:4-6). He alludes to the tribulation, and a time when His righteousness and salvation will hold sway, as He makes an appeal for them to recognize the miracles displayed on their behalf in the past (Isa.51:7-10). He foresees a complete reversal of the nation’s fortunes as – the ransomed of the Lord will return and come with joyful shouting to Zion, and everlasting joy will be on their heads. They will obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing will flee away (Isa.51:11).

Q.2. How can God claim to have the power to comfort us? Why will God have to pour out His wrath on His people? Will the exile be the end? What does God promise them? – (Isa.51:12-23) = He describes the pointless fears of the people of those around them, while they neglect to look to the One above – 12 “I, even I, am He who comforts you. Who are you that you are afraid of man who dies … 13 that you have forgotten the Lord your Maker. Who stretched out the heavens and laid the foundations of the earth that you fear continually all day long because of the fury of the oppressor, as he makes ready to destroy? (Isa.51:12-13). God reassures His people – I have put My words in your mouth and have covered you with the shadow of My hand, to establish the heavens, to found the earth, and to say to Zion, `You are My people (Isa.51:16). That is, he had committed his truth to the Jewish people, to Zion. He had entrusted them with his statutes and his laws; He had given them the promise of the Messiah, and through Him the assurance that the gospel would be spread to other nations. He would, therefore, preserve them, and restore them again to their own land. So though captivity would come, it would not be the end. God promises them a future – Thus says your Lord, the Lord, even your God Who contends for His people.  Behold, I have taken out of your hand the cup of reeling, the chalice of My anger; You will never drink it again (Isa.51:22). This agrees with the other promises God makes to the remnant of His people.


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Thurs 3/1/19

Psalm 40:1-17 … GOD SUSTAINS DAVID IN THE MIDST OF HIS TRIALS.

Q.1. How far had David fallen? Why was he full of praise for God? What impact would his deliverance have on others? What was it about David that moved God to act? – (Ps.40:1-5 & 12) =

Q.2. Did God not require sacrifices of Israelites? What is it that the Lord looks for? What did David know about God’s scroll? Who alone perfectly keeps His Word? – (Ps.40:6-8 c.f. Heb.10:5-9) =

Q.3. In what way had David honoured God? How could he praise God in the midst of his trials? What was his expectation and hope? How do David’s trials prefigure those of Jesus? – (Ps.40:9-17) =

My Help and My Deliverer

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

40 I waited patiently for the Lord;
    he inclined to me and heard my cry.
He drew me up from the pit of destruction,
    out of the miry bog,
and set my feet upon a rock,
    making my steps secure.
He put a new song in my mouth,
    a song of praise to our God.
Many will see and fear,
    and put their trust in the Lord.

Blessed is the man who makes
    the Lord his trust,
who does not turn to the proud,
    to those who go astray after a lie!
You have multiplied, O Lord my God,
    your wondrous deeds and your thoughts toward us;
    none can compare with you!
I will proclaim and tell of them,
    yet they are more than can be told.

In sacrifice and offering you have not delighted,
    but you have given me an open ear.[a]
Burnt offering and sin offering
    you have not required.
Then I said, “Behold, I have come;
    in the scroll of the book it is written of me:
I delight to do your will, O my God;
    your law is within my heart.”

I have told the glad news of deliverance[b]
    in the great congregation;
behold, I have not restrained my lips,
    as you know, O Lord.
10 I have not hidden your deliverance within my heart;
    I have spoken of your faithfulness and your salvation;
I have not concealed your steadfast love and your faithfulness
    from the great congregation.

11 As for you, O Lord, you will not restrain
    your mercy from me;
your steadfast love and your faithfulness will
    ever preserve me!
12 For evils have encompassed me
    beyond number;
my iniquities have overtaken me,
    and I cannot see;
they are more than the hairs of my head;
    my heart fails me.

13 Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me!
    Lord, make haste to help me!
14 Let those be put to shame and disappointed altogether
    who seek to snatch away my life;
let those be turned back and brought to dishonor
    who delight in my hurt!
15 Let those be appalled because of their shame
    who say to me, “Aha, Aha!”

16 But may all who seek you
    rejoice and be glad in you;
may those who love your salvation
    say continually, “Great is the Lord!”
17 As for me, I am poor and needy,
    but the Lord takes thought for me.
You are my help and my deliverer;
    do not delay, O my God!

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. How far had David fallen? Why was he full of praise for God? What impact would his deliverance have on others? What was it about David that moved God to act? – (Ps.40:1-5 & 12) = We don’t know for sure what trial David is speaking about. But we do know that – He brought me up out of the pit of destruction, out of the miry clay, and He set my feet upon a rock making my footsteps firm … For evils beyond number have surrounded me; My iniquities have overtaken me, so that I am not able to see; They are more numerous than the hairs of my head, and my heart has failed me (Ps.40:2 & 12). He praised the Lord for answering him after some time and placing a song of praise on his lips (Ps.40:1-3). God’s deliverance of David would embolden others to trust in God – … Many will see and fear and will trust in the Lord (Ps.40:3). God’s dealings with David underscored the principle that – How blessed is the man who has made the Lord his trust (Ps.40:4). The Lord doubtless intervened in David’s life because he would bring glory to Him but mainly because of His regard for humanity – Many, O Lord my God, are the wonders which You have done, and Your thoughts toward us; There is none to compare with You. If I would declare and speak of them, they would be too numerous to count (Ps.40:5).

Q.2. Did God not require sacrifices of Israelites? What is it that the Lord looks for? What did David know about God’s scroll? Who alone perfectly keeps His Word? – (Ps.40:6-8 c.f. Heb.10:5-9) = Surely it was God who set up the sacrificial system to cover for sin. So what did David mean when he wrote – Sacrifice and meal offering You have not desired; … Burnt offering and sin offering You have not required (Ps.40:6)? He is affirming Samuel’s message to King Saul that sacrifice without obedience to God’s will is ill-founded (Ps.40:7-8 c.f. 1 Sam.15:18-22). He refers here to – the scroll of the book (Ps.40:7). All the kings of Israel were very familiar with these since they had to personally write the out, read them, and live by them throughout their days (c.f. Deut.17:18-20). Once again, the Holy Spirit caused David to write a prophecy that was completely fulfilled by Jesus as the Saviour of the world – I delight to do Your will, O my God; Your Law is within my heart  (Ps.40:8 c.f. Heb.10:5-9).

Q.3. In what way had David honoured God? How could he praise God in the midst of his trials? What was his expectation and hope? How do David’s trials prefigure those of Jesus? – (Ps.40:9-17) = More than any king, David gave expression to his passion for God before his people – 9 I have proclaimed glad tidings of righteousness in the great congregation … 10 … I have spoken of Your faithfulness and Your salvation; I have not concealed Your lovingkindness and Your truth from the great congregation (Ps.40:9-10). This song is fascinating because it proclaims the Lord’s deliverance and yet describes still being beset with numerous trials – For evils beyond number have surrounded me; My iniquities have overtaken me, so that I am not able to see; They are more numerous than the hairs of my head, and my heart has failed me (Ps.40:12). This confession suggests that the trials have come upon him because of his sins and this has made his enemies to gloat over his demise (Ps.40:14). Nevertheless, he had found forgiveness with God though the mending of his reputation would take much longer. So he cries to God – 13 Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me; Make haste, O Lord, to help me. 14 Let those be ashamed and humiliated together who seek my life to destroy it; Let those be turned back and dishonoured who delight in my hurt (Ps.40:13-14). God’s forgiveness is one thing, but the unkindness and slander of others is another. So he adds – 16 Let all who seek You rejoice and be glad in You; Let those who love Your salvation say continually, “The Lord be magnified!” 17 Since I am afflicted and needy, let the Lord be mindful of me. You are my help and my deliverer; Do not delay, O my God (Ps.40:16-17). It is strange but true that it is easier to be reconciled to a holy God than to sinful people!? Of course, all these insights into the slander of sinners points to the treatment of sinners against Jesus especially on the cross.


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009