Sat 2/1/21

Revelation 20:11-15 & 21:1-8 … THE FINAL JUDGMENT BEFORE THE NEW HEAVENS AND EARTH COME.

Q.1. What major events precede the Great White Throne judgment? On what basis are people condemned? Is this judgment reversable? – (Mt.25:31-46; Jn.3:16-18; 5:24-29; Rev.20:1-15)

Q.2. What follows the final judgment of the living and the dead? How glorious is our heavenly home? Will we still retain our uniqueness? – (2 Pet.3:10-13; Rev.Chpts.21 & 22) =

Judgment Before the Great White Throne

11 Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. From his presence earth and sky fled away, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had done. 13 And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them, and they were judged, each one of them, according to what they had done. 14 Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.

The New Heaven and the New Earth

21 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place[a] of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people,[b] and God himself will be with them as their God.[c] He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”

And he who was seated on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” Also he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.” And he said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. To the thirsty I will give from the spring of the water of life without payment. The one who conquers will have this heritage, and I will be his God and he will be my son. But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death.”

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. What major events precede the Great White Throne judgment? On what basis are people condemned? Is this judgment reversable? – (Mt.25:31-46; Jn.3:16-18; 5:24-29; Rev.20:1-15)

  1. The Great White Throne Judgment is the final division between the saved and unsaved of all ages (Mt.24:29-31; 25:31-46; Jn.5:21-29). It comes after the battle of Gog and Magog when Christ has defeated all His enemies (Rev.20:7-10).
  2. All the living and dead of all ages will be judged from the books: The small and great will be judged according to their works and the Lamb’s book of life – if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he will be thrown into the lake of fire (Rev.20:12-15 c.f. Rev.13:8; 21:27).
  3. No one can be justified before a holy God by his own works. We can only be declared righteous through faith in the merits of Jesus (Jn.3:16-18; Rom.3:21-26; Gal.2:16).
  4. The second death pronounced at the Great White Throne Judgment is final and irreversible (Rev.20:5-6, 15).

Q.2. What follows the final judgment of the living and the dead? How glorious is our heavenly home? Will we still retain our uniqueness? – (2 Pet.3:10-13; Rev.Chpts.21 & 22) =

  1. The apostle John was shown a new heaven and new earth complete with – the holy city, new Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband (Rev.21:1-2). This follows the Great White Throne Judgment that has removed Satan, his hosts, and unbelieving sinners (Rev.20:10-15).
  2. The new heaven and new earth will be completely new (Rev.21:5-7).
  3. There will be a constant experience of perfect love, joy, and peace (Rev.21:1-7). It will be a place of song and gladness (Rev.5:9; 14:3). The new Jerusalem will be glorious beyond imagination … John did the best to describe the brilliance of the heavenly city (Rev.21:10-27). There is nothing artificial about the place and, though there is no salt sea, there is an abundance of water, vegetation, and fruit trees (Rev.21:1; 22:1-2). It will be a place of life, refreshing water, and light (Rev.21:6, 22-23; 22:1-5).
  4. Jerusalem was identified by John (Rev.21:2-3). The twelve tribes of the sons of Israel and the twelve apostles of the Lamb still feature (Mt.19:27-29; Rev.21:12-14). We will still have a nationality and kings will rule (Rev.21:24-26). Best of all, the servants of Christ will see Him, serve Him, and reign with Him (Rev.21:6-7; 22:3-5).
  5. When the Queen of Sheba saw the greatness of Solomon she responded – … until I came and my eyes had seen it. Behold, the half was not told me. You exceed in wisdom and prosperity the report which I heard (1 Kgs.10:7 c.f. Mt.12:42).
  6. What the scriptures reveal about our future is beyond our wildest dreams – No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love Him but God has revealed it to us by His Spirit (1 Cor.2:9-10).

(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.) If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Community Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009