Wed 30/12/20

Daniel 9:1-27 … DANIEL’S INSIGHT OF MESSIAH AND ISRAEL’S SEVENTIETH WEEK.

Q.1. What does Daniel teach us about interpreting the scriptures? How did he respond to its challenge? Why was he given further insights into the future? – (Dan.9:1-6, 20-23) =

Q.2. Which nation did the prophecy apply to? What is promised at the end of the Seventy weeks (of years)? How long will unbelief characterize Israel? –(Dan.9:24; Rom.11:7-16, 25-29) =

Q.3. How does the coming Messiah the Prince end the sixty-ninth week? How is the final week described and identifiable? Who is the other ‘prince’? – (Dan.9:24-27; 12:1; Acts 2:22-24; 3:13-15; 5:29-32; 2 Thes.2:3-4; Rev.11:2-3; 12:6; 13:5) =

Daniel’s Prayer for His People

In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, by descent a Mede, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans— in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, perceived in the books the number of years that, according to the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet, must pass before the end of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years.

Then I turned my face to the Lord God, seeking him by prayer and pleas for mercy with fasting and sackcloth and ashes. I prayed to the Lord my God and made confession, saying, “O Lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments, we have sinned and done wrong and acted wickedly and rebelled, turning aside from your commandments and rules. We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. To you, O Lord, belongs righteousness, but to us open shame, as at this day, to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, those who are near and those who are far away, in all the lands to which you have driven them, because of the treachery that they have committed against you. To us, O Lord, belongs open shame, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against you. To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against him 10 and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God by walking in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets. 11 All Israel has transgressed your law and turned aside, refusing to obey your voice. And the curse and oath that are written in the Law of Moses the servant of God have been poured out upon us, because we have sinned against him. 12 He has confirmed his words, which he spoke against us and against our rulers who ruled us,[a] by bringing upon us a great calamity. For under the whole heaven there has not been done anything like what has been done against Jerusalem. 13 As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this calamity has come upon us; yet we have not entreated the favor of the Lord our God, turning from our iniquities and gaining insight by your truth. 14 Therefore the Lord has kept ready the calamity and has brought it upon us, for the Lord our God is righteous in all the works that he has done, and we have not obeyed his voice. 15 And now, O Lord our God, who brought your people out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and have made a name for yourself, as at this day, we have sinned, we have done wickedly.

16 “O Lord, according to all your righteous acts, let your anger and your wrath turn away from your city Jerusalem, your holy hill, because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and your people have become a byword among all who are around us. 17 Now therefore, O our God, listen to the prayer of your servant and to his pleas for mercy, and for your own sake, O Lord,[b] make your face to shine upon your sanctuary, which is desolate. 18 O my God, incline your ear and hear. Open your eyes and see our desolations, and the city that is called by your name. For we do not present our pleas before you because of our righteousness, but because of your great mercy. 19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive. O Lord, pay attention and act. Delay not, for your own sake, O my God, because your city and your people are called by your name.”

Gabriel Brings an Answer

20 While I was speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my plea before the Lord my God for the holy hill of my God, 21 while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the first, came to me in swift flight at the time of the evening sacrifice. 22 He made me understand, speaking with me and saying, “O Daniel, I have now come out to give you insight and understanding. 23 At the beginning of your pleas for mercy a word went out, and I have come to tell it to you, for you are greatly loved. Therefore consider the word and understand the vision.

The Seventy Weeks

24 “Seventy weeks[c] are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place.[d] 25 Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again[e] with squares and moat, but in a troubled time. 26 And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its[f] end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed. 27 And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week,[g] and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.”

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. What does Daniel teach us about interpreting the scriptures? How did he respond to its challenge? Why was he given further insights into the future? – (Dan.9:1-6, 20-23) =

  1. Jeremiah had sent a prophecy regarding seventy years of exile followed by a restoration to the land (Jer.29:10-14).
  2. Daniel expected that this prophecy would be literally fulfilled and it shaped his prayer focus (Dan.9:1-6). He accepted that Israel’s captivity fulfilled the prophecies of Moses (Dan.9:11-14 c.f. Dt.27:11-26).
  3. Because of his regard for the scriptures God sent His angel Gabriel to give him further insights and understanding of the purposes of God (Dan.9:20-23). As Jesus told His disciples that He spoke in parables and visions – To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted. For whoever has, to him more shall be given, and he will have in abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has shall be taken away from him (Mt.13:11-12; 25:29).
  4. God gives greater clarity to those who read and heed His Word (Rev.1:3).

Q.2. Which nation did the prophecy apply to? What is promised at the end of the Seventy weeks (of years)? How long will unbelief characterize Israel? –(Dan.9:24; Rom.11:7-16, 25-29) =

  1. God gave Daniel a blueprint for the future of ‘his’ people, Israel (Dan.9:24).
  2. He was told that – seventy weeks (a week is made up of 7 so the prophecy is understood to speak of 70 x 7 = 490 years that (c.f. Gen.29:27) have been decreed for your people and your holy city (Jerusalem), to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the holy place (Dan.9:24 c.f. Rev.5:1-5).
  3. The seventy years of Israel’s transgression will finish with the atonement of the remnant of Israel (Zech.12:10-13:1).

Q.3. How does the coming Messiah the Prince end the sixty-ninth week? How is the final week described and identifiable? Who is the other ‘prince’? – (Dan.9:24-27; 12:1; Acts 2:22-24; 3:13-15; 5:29-32; 2 Thes.2:3-4; Rev.11:2-3; 12:6; 13:5) =

  1. The exact date of the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem is pinpointed with great accuracy in Daniel 9:23-27. Sir Robert Anderson, theologian and Chief Inspector of Scotland Yard (1888-1901) wrote an excellent book, “The Coming Prince”, which has become one of the most important books on Bible Eschatology (Doctrine of End Times).
  2. The angel Gabriel foretold the exact date when Jesus Christ, the anticipated Messiah, would present Himself as King in JerusalemKnow therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times. Then after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself (Dan.9:25-26 c.f. Mt.21:4-9).
  3. Dr Anderson calculated that …
  • The decree of Daniel 9:25 took place on March 14th 445 BC (recorded in Nehemiah 2:1-8).
  • The sixty-nine weeks of seven years equals 483 years, or 173,880 days (using 360-day prophetic years).
  • This leads to April 6th , A.D.32, the date of the Triumphal Entry of Jesus into Jerusalem.
  • This is checked by noting that 445 BC to AD 32 is 476 years, and 476 times 365.24219 days per year equals 173,855 days.
  • Adding 25 days for the difference between March 14th  and April 6th  gives 173,880 days.
  • It should be noted that the Babylonians used a 360-day calendar, which must be converted to our current Solar Years, of 365 days.
  • These 360 day-years are commonly called prophetic years.
  • Thus, the exact day when the Messiah would come to Jerusalem, riding on a donkey, was predicted by Gabriel to the very day!
  1. Daniel was also given the details of the events of the Great Tribulation that follows the Rapture of the saints …
  • Gabriel told Daniel the history of his people would encompass seven + sixty-two weeks = sixty-nine weeks from the rebuilding of the temple after the exile and the presentation of Jesus as King at His triumphal entry into Jerusalem (Dan.9:25). This leaves a week of the seventy to be completed (Dan.9:24).
  • Daniel was also told that – after the (seven and) sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing … (Dan.9:26). This points to the death of the Messiah Jesus in Jerusalem.
  • The other prince mentioned is the Antichrist who – will make a firm covenant with the many for one week. But in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering  (Dan.9:26-27 c.f. 2 Thes.2:3-9; Rev.13:5).
  • The Antichrist will himself be completely destroyed (Dan.9:27 c.f. Rev.19:20; 20:10).
  1. John concluded his prophecy – He who testifies to these things says, ‘Yes, I am coming quickly’. Amen. Come, Lord Jesus (Rev.22:20).

(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009