Wed 18/11/20

2 Kings 16:1-20 … JUDAH SUFFERS UNDER AN APOSTATE KING AND PRIEST.

Q.1. What did Ahaz do to turn against the ways of the Lord? How does this story warn us against cultivating wrong relationships? – (2 Kgs.16:1-10) =

Q.2. What evil did Urijah, the priest introduce to God’s people? What would have happened if Urijah had defied his king? How does acknowledging the rightful King protect you against displeasing God? – (2 Kgs.16:10-18) =

Ahaz Reigns in Judah

16 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, Ahaz the son of Jotham, king of Judah, began to reign. Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And he did not do what was right in the eyes of the Lord his God, as his father David had done, but he walked in the way of the kings of Israel. He even burned his son as an offering,[a] according to the despicable practices of the nations whom the Lord drove out before the people of Israel. And he sacrificed and made offerings on the high places and on the hills and under every green tree.

Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, came up to wage war on Jerusalem, and they besieged Ahaz but could not conquer him. At that time Rezin the king of Syria recovered Elath for Syria and drove the men of Judah from Elath, and the Edomites came to Elath, where they dwell to this day. So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, “I am your servant and your son. Come up and rescue me from the hand of the king of Syria and from the hand of the king of Israel, who are attacking me.” Ahaz also took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the Lord and in the treasures of the king’s house and sent a present to the king of Assyria. And the king of Assyria listened to him. The king of Assyria marched up against Damascus and took it, carrying its people captive to Kir, and he killed Rezin.

10 When King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, he saw the altar that was at Damascus. And King Ahaz sent to Uriah the priest a model of the altar, and its pattern, exact in all its details. 11 And Uriah the priest built the altar; in accordance with all that King Ahaz had sent from Damascus, so Uriah the priest made it, before King Ahaz arrived from Damascus. 12 And when the king came from Damascus, the king viewed the altar. Then the king drew near to the altar and went up on it 13 and burned his burnt offering and his grain offering and poured his drink offering and threw the blood of his peace offerings on the altar. 14 And the bronze altar that was before the Lord he removed from the front of the house, from the place between his altar and the house of the Lord, and put it on the north side of his altar. 15 And King Ahaz commanded Uriah the priest, saying, “On the great altar burn the morning burnt offering and the evening grain offering and the king’s burnt offering and his grain offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, and their grain offering and their drink offering. And throw on it all the blood of the burnt offering and all the blood of the sacrifice, but the bronze altar shall be for me to inquire by.” 16 Uriah the priest did all this, as King Ahaz commanded.

17 And King Ahaz cut off the frames of the stands and removed the basin from them, and he took down the sea[b] from off the bronze oxen that were under it and put it on a stone pedestal. 18 And the covered way for the Sabbath that had been built inside the house and the outer entrance for the king he caused to go around the house of the Lord, because of the king of Assyria. 19 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 20 And Ahaz slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David, and Hezekiah his son reigned in his place.

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. What did Ahaz do to turn against the ways of the Lord? How does this story warn us against cultivating wrong relationships? – (2 Kgs.16:1-10) = Most of the kings of Judah had been God-fearing, although many had tolerated the worship of other gods on the high places – (2 Kgs.12:3; 14:4; 15:4). Ahaz was very religious, and demeaned God by worshiping every conceivable god – 3 He walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and even made his son pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the nations whom the Lord had driven out from before the sons of Israel. 4 He sacrificed and burned incense on the high places and on the hills and under every green tree (2 Kgs.16:3-4). He himself participated in all the evil practices associated with idolatry, even to the point of maiming and killing his own children. He also distorted the worship at Jerusalem, by changing the sacred objects in the temple worship. His great sin was to embrace the sins for which God had dispossessed the Canaanites (2 Kgs.16:10). To be religious is not enough. We need to love and worship the One True God, and be in relationship with Him.

Q.2. What evil did Urijah, the priest introduce to God’s people? What would have happened if Urijah had defied his king? How does acknowledging the rightful King protect you against displeasing God? – (2 Kgs.16:10-18) = Urijah was the chief priest anointed to serve the temple worship at Jerusalem. The priesthood had specific instructions on how to make atonement for the people in the temple at Jerusalem. However, Urijah departed from the true worship at the command of King Ahaz. He built a foreign altar, and along with the king, changed the order of the sacred objects. He then made sacrifices at this foreign altar, and used it for the daily offerings (2 Kgs.16:11-16). They even redesigned and removed the objects approved by God – because of the king of Assyria (2 Kgs.16:18). Urijah  departed from His God-directed role as priest – So Urijah the priest did according to all that King Ahaz commanded (2 Kgs.16:16). Urijah protected his own safety, but led the nation astray because he did not acknowledge and obey the Lord as the One True King (2 Kgs.16:7-10 c.f. 2 Chron.24:20-21).


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009