Matthew 21:1-17 … THE TRIUMPHAL ENTRY OF JESUS INTO JERUSALEM WHERE HE CLEARS OUT THE TEMPLE.
Q.1. What did Jesus ask His disciples to do at Bethphage? How does the scripture explain His action? What was unusual about His entry into Jerusalem? – (Mt.21:1-5) =
Q.2. What did He do with the donkey? How did the crowds respond? What was the reason for their reaction? What was their conclusion? – (Mt.21:6-11) =
Q.3. What did Jesus do in Jerusalem? How did He explain His extreme behaviour? Why did God give the temple? What did Jesus claim about Himself? – (Mt.21:12-13) =
Q.4. How did Jesus treat the crowds? Why did the chief priests and Pharisees react to the crowds? Why? How did Jesus defend the children? Where did He retreat? – (Mt.21:14-17) =
The Triumphal Entry
21 Now when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, “Go into the village in front of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them and bring them to me. 3 If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord needs them,’ and he will send them at once.” 4 This took place to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet, saying,
5 “Say to the daughter of Zion,
‘Behold, your king is coming to you,
humble, and mounted on a donkey,
on a colt,[a] the foal of a beast of burden.’”
6 The disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them. 7 They brought the donkey and the colt and put on them their cloaks, and he sat on them. 8 Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, and others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9 And the crowds that went before him and that followed him were shouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!” 10 And when he entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred up, saying, “Who is this?” 11 And the crowds said, “This is the prophet Jesus, from Nazareth of Galilee.”
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
12 And Jesus entered the temple[b] and drove out all who sold and bought in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money-changers and the seats of those who sold pigeons. 13 He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ but you make it a den of robbers.”
14 And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them. 15 But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying out in the temple, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” they were indignant, 16 and they said to him, “Do you hear what these are saying?” And Jesus said to them, “Yes; have you never read,
“‘Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babies
you have prepared praise’?”
17 And leaving them, he went out of the city to Bethany and lodged there.
Q.1. What did Jesus ask His disciples to do at Bethphage? How does the scripture explain His action? What was unusual about His entry into Jerusalem? – (Mt.21:1-5) = Bethphage was situated in the Mount of Olives adjacent to Jerusalem. Before going down into Jerusalem Jesus called two unnamed disciples to fetch a donkey and her colt (Mt.21:1-2). Mark and Luke only mention the colt – on which no one has ever sat (Mk.11:2; Lk.19:30). Matthew explains – 4 This took place to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet: 5 Say to the daughter of Zion, `Behold your King is coming to you, gentle, and mounted on a donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden’ (Mt.21:4-5 c.f. Zech.9:9). So Jesus exactly fulfilled this prophecy by the prophet Zechariah. It was amazing because the colt was not broken in and Christ’s entry was not on a warhorse but a lowly beast of burden.
Q.2. What did He do with the donkey? How did the crowds respond? What was the reason for their reaction? What was their conclusion? – (Mt.21:6-11) = After clothes were placed on the unbroken colt Jesus then rode into Jerusalem amid great celebration (Mt.21:7-8). The crowds were ecstatic and shouted – … Hosanna to the Son of David; Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest! (Mt.21:9). They were inviting God to save them through the Messiah the promised Son of David and acknowledged that Jesus by His action was claiming to be the Coming One. Their excitement spread to the city of Jerusalem as the people declared – … This is the prophet Jesus, from Nazareth in Galilee (Mt.21:11).
Q.3. What did Jesus do in Jerusalem? How did He explain His extreme behaviour? Why did God give the temple? What did Jesus claim about Himself? – (Mt.21:12-14) = Upon arriving in Jerusalem – Jesus entered the temple and drove out all those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling doves (Mt.21:12). The zeal of Jesus was so formidable that He forbad anyone to even enter the temple with their merchandise (c.f. Mk.11:16; Jn.2:17). It grieved Him that they abused the temple. He reminded them the reason God gave the temple to Israel and the nations – It is written, `My house shall be called a house of prayer’; but you are making it a robbers’ den (Mt.21:13 c.f. Mk.11:17). In quoting this scripture He was claiming that the temple was His home and by blessing the crowds He was using the temple as God intended.
Q.4. How did Jesus treat the crowds? Why did the chief priests and Pharisees react to the crowds? Why? How did Jesus defend the children? Where did He retreat? – (Mt.21:14-17) = But how differently Jesus treated the crowds as – the blind and the lame came to Him in the temple, and He healed them (Mt.21:14). For once there was great excitement in the temple precinct. But the chief priests and scribes were outraged and they spoke accusingly to Jesus – Do You hear what these children are saying? (Mt.21:16). He answered them with the scriptures – Yes; have you never read, `Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babies You have prepared praise for Yourself’? (Mt.21:16). Luke adds that Jesus replied – I tell you, if these become silent, the stones will cry out (Lk.19:40). During the day He taught in the temple and at night He and His disciples stayed at Bethany (Mt.21:17 c.f. Lk.19:37-38, 47-48).
(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)
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