Tues 15/10/19

Exodus 35:1-29 … ISRAEL’S RESPONSE TO THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TABERNACLE.

Q.1. How was the sabbath to be observed? Where did the tabernacle materials come from? Who made the tabernacle and its fittings? – (Exo.35:1-19) =

Q.2. How generously did Israel contribute to the project? What kind of people gave to the construction of the tabernacle? – (Exo.35:20-29) =

Sabbath Regulations

35 Moses assembled all the congregation of the people of Israel and said to them, “These are the things that the Lord has commanded you to do. Six days work shall be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a Sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the Lord. Whoever does any work on it shall be put to death. You shall kindle no fire in all your dwelling places on the Sabbath day.”

Contributions for the Tabernacle

Moses said to all the congregation of the people of Israel, “This is the thing that the Lord has commanded. Take from among you a contribution to the Lord. Whoever is of a generous heart, let him bring the Lord‘s contribution: gold, silver, and bronze; blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen; goats’ hair, tanned rams’ skins, and goatskins;[a] acacia wood, oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense, and onyx stones and stones for setting, for the ephod and for the breastpiece.

10 “Let every skillful craftsman among you come and make all that the Lord has commanded: 11 the tabernacle, its tent and its covering, its hooks and its frames, its bars, its pillars, and its bases; 12 the ark with its poles, the mercy seat, and the veil of the screen; 13 the table with its poles and all its utensils, and the bread of the Presence; 14 the lampstand also for the light, with its utensils and its lamps, and the oil for the light; 15 and the altar of incense, with its poles, and the anointing oil and the fragrant incense, and the screen for the door, at the door of the tabernacle; 16 the altar of burnt offering, with its grating of bronze, its poles, and all its utensils, the basin and its stand; 17 the hangings of the court, its pillars and its bases, and the screen for the gate of the court; 18 the pegs of the tabernacle and the pegs of the court, and their cords; 19 the finely worked garments for ministering[b] in the Holy Place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, for their service as priests.”

20 Then all the congregation of the people of Israel departed from the presence of Moses. 21 And they came, everyone whose heart stirred him, and everyone whose spirit moved him, and brought the Lord‘s contribution to be used for the tent of meeting, and for all its service, and for the holy garments. 22 So they came, both men and women. All who were of a willing heart brought brooches and earrings and signet rings and armlets, all sorts of gold objects, every man dedicating an offering of gold to the Lord. 23 And every one who possessed blue or purple or scarlet yarns or fine linen or goats’ hair or tanned rams’ skins or goatskins brought them. 24 Everyone who could make a contribution of silver or bronze brought it as the Lord‘s contribution. And every one who possessed acacia wood of any use in the work brought it. 25 And every skillful woman spun with her hands, and they all brought what they had spun in blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen. 26 All the women whose hearts stirred them to use their skill spun the goats’ hair. 27 And the leaders brought onyx stones and stones to be set, for the ephod and for the breastpiece, 28 and spices and oil for the light, and for the anointing oil, and for the fragrant incense. 29 All the men and women, the people of Israel, whose heart moved them to bring anything for the work that the Lord had commanded by Moses to be done brought it as a freewill offering to the Lord.

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. How was the sabbath to be observed? Where did the tabernacle materials come from? Who made the tabernacle and its fittings? – (Exo.35:1-19) = Sabbath day observance underpinned the covenant relationship between the Lord and Israel. God requires us to work, so commanded the people to work for six out of seven days. On the seventh day, they were to cease all their normal work so they could worship the Lord (Exo.35:1-3). Though Christians do not observe the Sabbath in the same way, we are not to forsake the regular assembling of ourselves together (c.f. Col.2:16-17; Heb.10:23-25). The materials needed for the construction of the temple were to be taken – … from among you a contribution to the Lord; whoever is of a willing heart, let him bring it as the Lord’s contribution: gold, silver, and bronze …  (Exo.25:5). Moses specified all the other materials needed. These included – … oil for lighting, and spices for the anointing oil, and for the fragrant incense, and onyx stones and setting stones for the ephod and for the breast piece (Exo.35:8-9). Moses also called for – every skilful man among you to come and make all that the Lord has commanded (Exo.35:10).  These gifted people were to craft, weave, sew, and embroider all the furniture for the tabernacle, and the garments for the priests (Exo.35:10-19).

Q.2. How generously did Israel contribute to the project? What kind of people gave to the construction of the tabernacle? – (Exo.35:20-29) = Israel’s response was both generous and sacrificial as – 21 Everyone whose heart stirred him and everyone whose spirit moved him came and brought the Lord’s contribution for the work of the tent of meeting and for all its service and for the holy garments … 29 The Israelites, all the men and women, whose heart moved them to bring material for all the work, which the Lord had commanded through Moses to be done, brought a freewill offering to the Lord (Exo.35:21 &29). Both men and women gave their possessions as they were able. The women gave their ornaments, and skilled women spun the garments and tents (Exo.35:22, 25-26). They had all that was needed to complete the task because everyone contributed.


If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

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Mon 14/10/19

Mark 12:28-44 … JESUS SUMS UP GOD’S LAW AND CLAIMS SONSHIP.

Q.1. What did the scribe ask Jesus? How did Jesus respond to the scribe? Did the scribe agree? How did Jesus view the scribe? – (Mk.12:28-34) =

Q.2. What question did Jesus ask? To what did He draw their attention? What point was He making? How did He view the scribes? – (Mk.12:35-40) =

Q.3. What was Jesus doing at the treasury? Why did He draw attention to the widow? How did people give? How did she give? – (Mk.12:41-44) =

The Great Commandment

28 And one of the scribes came up and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well, asked him, “Which commandment is the most important of all?” 29 Jesus answered, “The most important is, ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’ 31 The second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.” 32 And the scribe said to him, “You are right, Teacher. You have truly said that he is one, and there is no other besides him. 33 And to love him with all the heart and with all the understanding and with all the strength, and to love one’s neighbor as oneself, is much more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.” 34 And when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” And after that no one dared to ask him any more questions.

Whose Son Is the Christ?

35 And as Jesus taught in the temple, he said, “How can the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? 36 David himself, in the Holy Spirit, declared,

“‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
    until I put your enemies under your feet.”’

37 David himself calls him Lord. So how is he his son?” And the great throng heard him gladly.

Beware of the Scribes

38 And in his teaching he said, “Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes and like greetings in the marketplaces 39 and have the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts, 40 who devour widows’ houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.”

The Widow’s Offering

41 And he sat down opposite the treasury and watched the people putting money into the offering box. Many rich people put in large sums. 42 And a poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which make a penny.[a] 43 And he called his disciples to him and said to them, “Truly, I say to you, this poor widow has put in more than all those who are contributing to the offering box. 44 For they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had, all she had to live on.”

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. What did the scribe ask Jesus? How did Jesus respond to the scribe? Did the scribe agree? How did Jesus view the scribe? – (Mk.12:28-34) = The Gospel writers all agreed that the attack on Jesus was a combined effort of the scribes, Pharisees, Sadducees and Herodians (Mt.23:15, 23, 34; Mk.12:12-13). However, Mark recorded that this one scribe acknowledged that – … Jesus had answered them well … (Mk.12:28). Furthermore, Mark wrote – When Jesus saw that he had answered intelligently, He said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” (Mk.12:34). The scribe had asked Jesus the leading question of Judaism – What commandment is the foremost of all (Mk.12:28). Jesus answered him correctly by quoting the SHEMA (meaning Hear) from Deuteronomy 6:4-5. Pious Jews recited the SHEMA every morning and evening. The command to love God with our all hearts was taken from Deuteronomy. The Gospel records reveal that Jesus indeed lived by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God (c.f. Dt.10:12; 30:6). Jesus added the second greatest requirement, which is that we love others. This was taken from Leviticus. These two commandments underpin the rest of the Law (Lev.19:18). The scribe understood that the moral law took precedence over the ceremonial law and conceded that loving God and your neighbour – … is much more than all burnt offerings and sacrifices (Mk.12:33). Like all other devout Jews, the scribe would have believed that he was one of the elite in God’s eyes. Jesus’ reply gave him no such assurance that he was part of the kingdom of God (Mk.12:34).

Q.2. What question did Jesus ask? To what did He draw their attention? What point was He making? How did He view the scribes? – (Mk.12:35-40) = After the sustained attack from the religious leaders of Judaism, Jesus drew attention to their unbelief – as He taught in the temple, “How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? 36 David himself said in the Holy Spirit, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Until I put Your enemies beneath Your feet.”’ 37 David himself calls Him ‘Lord’; so, in what sense is He his son?” (Mk.12:35-37). This interpretation by Jesus was incredibly insightful because it confirmed that the Holy Spirit caused the prophets to write prophecy (c.f. 2 Pet.1:20-21). Jesus was implying that He was not just the promised Son of David but also the Lord of Glory. Not surprisingly, that was how He was presented by the apostle Peter on the day of Pentecost (c.f. Acts 2:25-36). Jesus went on to condemn the false teaching of the scribes who were primarily responsible for misrepresenting the truth and misleading the people (Mk.12:38-40).

Q.3. What was Jesus doing at the treasury? Why did He draw attention to the widow? How did people give? How did she give? – (Mk.12:41-44) = Jesus was at the treasury where He could illustrate which motivation behind our giving pleases God. – He – sat down opposite the treasury and began observing how the people were putting money into the treasury; and many rich people were putting in large sums (Mk.12:41). Some people may be embarrassed by their relatively small gifts and others may be filled with pride because of their larger gifts. God doesn’t evaluate our giving on that basis. The person who impressed Jesus that day was – a poor widow who came and put in two small copper coins … (Mk/12:42). Jesus called His disciples and stated that this widow had given more than all the other contributors (c.f. Mk.12:43). How could that be? Jesus explained – they all put in out of their surplus (abundance), but she, out of her poverty, put in all she owned, all she had to live on (Mk.12:44). Widows were often despised, but Jesus greatly honoured this woman.


If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Sat 12/10/19

Galatians 2:11-21 … THE GOSPEL BASIS FOR THE CLASH BETWEEN PAUL AND PETER.

Q.1. Why did Paul clash with Peter? What impact did Peter’s prejudice have on the others? How did Paul tackle the problem? – (Gal.2:11-14) =

Q.2. How are sinners justified before God? What does submitting to the Law produce? How should we live under the gospel? – (Gal.2:15-21) =

Paul Opposes Peter

11 But when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned. 12 For before certain men came from James, he was eating with the Gentiles; but when they came he drew back and separated himself, fearing the circumcision party.[a] 13 And the rest of the Jews acted hypocritically along with him, so that even Barnabas was led astray by their hypocrisy. 14 But when I saw that their conduct was not in step with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all, “If you, though a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you force the Gentiles to live like Jews?”

Justified by Faith

15 We ourselves are Jews by birth and not Gentile sinners; 16 yet we know that a person is not justified[b] by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.

17 But if, in our endeavor to be justified in Christ, we too were found to be sinners, is Christ then a servant of sin? Certainly not! 18 For if I rebuild what I tore down, I prove myself to be a transgressor. 19 For through the law I died to the law, so that I might live to God. 20 I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. 21 I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousness[c] were through the law, then Christ died for no purpose.

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. Why did Paul clash with Peter? What impact did Peter’s prejudice have on the others? How did Paul tackle the problem? – (Gal.2:11-14) = Paul recorded that even the apostles could get it wrong. He recalled an incident when Peter disfellowshipped from the Gentile believers because he was under pressure from Jewish legalists called Judaizers. He recorded that – 11  when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned … 14 But when I saw that they were not straightforward about the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas in the presence of all, “If you, being a Jew, live like the Gentiles and not like the Jews, how is it that you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?” i.e. Literally: why do you compel the Gentiles to JUDAIZE (Gal.2:11 & 14). Even his ministry partner Barnabas had joined in with the hypocrisy (Gal.2:11-13). To his credit, Paul confronted this crucial matter head on, because it threatened the truth of the gospel.

Q.2. How are sinners justified before God? What does submitting to the Law produce? How should we live under the gospel? – (Gal.2:15-21) = Paul went on to explain that we are not saved by keeping the law, and – …  that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified (Gal.2:16). He also anticipated the argument that Christ might be accused of being the author of sin, since believers continue to sin (Gal.2:17). Paul answered that he would never rebuild the rule-keeping system he had destroyed. When he died to the Law, it freed him to live for God (Gal.2:18-19). He summed up his new life in Christ, testifying that – I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for me (Gal.2:20). He went as far as to claim – I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousness comes through the Law, then Christ died needlessly (Gal.2:21). We should reject all additional rules and philosophies, or anything else that devalues Christ’s atoning sacrifice!


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@oakdenbaptist.org.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Fri 11/10/19

Jeremiah 23:25-40 … GOD WILL PUNISH THE PROPHETS THAT HAVE BROUGHT CONFUSION.

Q.1. How did the false prophets mislead the people? How will God deal with them? Where does a true message come from? – (Jer.23:25-32) =

Q.2. What was God’s warning to Judah? Who was responsible for bringing confusion to the people? How will God humble them? – (Jer.23:33-40) =

25 I have heard what the prophets have said who prophesy lies in my name, saying, ‘I have dreamed, I have dreamed!’ 26 How long shall there be lies in the heart of the prophets who prophesy lies, and who prophesy the deceit of their own heart, 27 who think to make my people forget my name by their dreams that they tell one another, even as their fathers forgot my name for Baal? 28 Let the prophet who has a dream tell the dream, but let him who has my word speak my word faithfully. What has straw in common with wheat? declares the Lord. 29 Is not my word like fire, declares the Lord, and like a hammer that breaks the rock in pieces? 30 Therefore, behold, I am against the prophets, declares the Lord, who steal my words from one another. 31 Behold, I am against the prophets, declares the Lord, who use their tongues and declare, ‘declares the Lord.’ 32 Behold, I am against those who prophesy lying dreams, declares the Lord, and who tell them and lead my people astray by their lies and their recklessness, when I did not send them or charge them. So they do not profit this people at all, declares the Lord.

33 “When one of this people, or a prophet or a priest asks you, ‘What is the burden of the Lord?’ you shall say to them, ‘You are the burden,[a] and I will cast you off, declares the Lord.’ 34 And as for the prophet, priest, or one of the people who says, ‘The burden of the Lord,’ I will punish that man and his household. 35 Thus shall you say, every one to his neighbor and every one to his brother, ‘What has the Lord answered?’ or ‘What has the Lord spoken?’ 36 But ‘the burden of the Lord’ you shall mention no more, for the burden is every man’s own word, and you pervert the words of the living God, the Lord of hosts, our God. 37 Thus you shall say to the prophet, ‘What has the Lord answered you?’ or ‘What has the Lord spoken?’ 38 But if you say, ‘The burden of the Lord,’ thus says the Lord, ‘Because you have said these words, “The burden of the Lord,” when I sent to you, saying, “You shall not say, ‘The burden of the Lord,’” 39 therefore, behold, I will surely lift you up[b] and cast you away from my presence, you and the city that I gave to you and your fathers. 40 And I will bring upon you everlasting reproach and perpetual shame, which shall not be forgotten.’”

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. How did the false prophets mislead the people? How would God deal with them? Where does a true message come from? – (Jer.23:25-32) = The false prophets misled the people by claiming to have visions and dreams. God declared that these came from – the deception of their own heart (Jer.23:26). Because such dreams and visions were subjective and uncheckable, the false prophets were successful in turning the nation to other gods (Jer.23:27 & 32). The Lord called on the prophets to – speak My word in truth (Jer.23:28). His Word would burn up the dross like fire, and shatter even the hardest heart (Jer.23:29 c.f. Heb.4:12-13). God declared – Behold, I am against the prophets … who steal My words from each other … who use their tongues and declare, ‘The Lord declares’ … who have prophesied false dreams (Jer.23:30-32). They copied one another’s prophecies to make them sound credible. He chided them because they had – led My people astray by their falsehoods and reckless boasting; Yet I did not send them or command them, nor do they furnish this people the slightest benefit (Jer.23:32). What an indictment.

Q.2. What was God’s warning to Judah? Who was responsible for bringing confusion to the people? How would God humble them? – (Jer.23:33-40) = The true message from the Lord through Jeremiah was that He would abandon His people, and bring punishment on the household of the false prophets (Jer.23:33-34). When the crisis came upon Jerusalem, a confusion from God would overwhelm them – for you will no longer remember the oracle of the Lord, because every man’s own word will become the oracle, and you have perverted the words of the living God, the Lord of hosts, our God (Jer.23:36 c.f. Jer.23:35-39). God declared that because they believed these prophets, He would remove them from the land – 39 behold, I will surely forget you and cast you away from My presence, along with the city which I gave you and your fathers. 40 I will put an everlasting reproach on you and an everlasting humiliation which will not be forgotten (Jer.23:39-40).


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@oakdenbaptist.org.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Thurs 10/10/19

Proverbs 12:10-19 … SOLOMON’S ADVICE ABOUT OUR WORDS AND ACTIONS.

Q.1. Is animal cruelty acceptable? Why should we work diligently? What is the benefit of watching what we listen to and say? – (Prov.12:10-19) =

Q.2. Why should we avoid questionable gain? What makes a fool foolish? What damage results from rash or deceitful in speech? – (Prov.12:10-19) =

10 Whoever is righteous has regard for the life of his beast,
    but the mercy of the wicked is cruel.
11 Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread,
    but he who follows worthless pursuits lacks sense.
12 Whoever is wicked covets the spoil of evildoers,
    but the root of the righteous bears fruit.
13 An evil man is ensnared by the transgression of his lips,[a]
    but the righteous escapes from trouble.
14 From the fruit of his mouth a man is satisfied with good,
    and the work of a man’s hand comes back to him.
15 The way of a fool is right in his own eyes,
    but a wise man listens to advice.
16 The vexation of a fool is known at once,
    but the prudent ignores an insult.
17 Whoever speaks[b] the truth gives honest evidence,
    but a false witness utters deceit.
18 There is one whose rash words are like sword thrusts,
    but the tongue of the wise brings healing.
19 Truthful lips endure forever,
    but a lying tongue is but for a moment.

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. Is animal cruelty acceptable? Why should we work diligently? What is the benefit of being wise about what we hear and say? – (Prov.12:10-19) = God made man in His own likeness. Just as God cares for all His creatures, humankind are to rule over and care for the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and the cattle in the field, and – the Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it  (Gen.2:15 c.f. Gen.1:26; Ps.8:5-8; 104:10-30). Though the wicked may be cruel – a righteous man has regard for the life of his animal (Prov.12:10). Domestic animals are usually defenceless, and therefore easily mistreated. A righteous man will treat animals kindly. Israel lived a rural existence in the Promised Land, so it was very wise to care for their animals properly. We should not be content with spending our time in worthless or wicked pursuits. Working for gain will provide an adequate return (Prov.12:11-12). We should be careful about what we listen to, because people do not always speak the truth and may deceive us – An evil man is ensnared by his lips, but the righteous will escape from trouble (Prov.12:13 c.f. Prov.12:16-19). Not only does – a wise man listen to counsel … but – he who speaks truth tells what is right (Prov.12:15 & 17).

Q.2. Why should we avoid questionable gain? What makes a fool foolish? What damage results from rash or deceitful in speech? – (Prov.12:10-19) = The pursuit of questionable gain is senseless, and is wrong in God’s eyes (Prov.12:11-12). A fool will be right in his own eyes, and will not listen to wise advice (Prov.12:15). We must learn to restrain our impulses such as anger and rash speech (Prov.12:16 & 18). It pays to always  tell the truth because – truthful lips will be established forever (Prov.12:19). Remember that Jesus warned – every careless word that people speak, they shall give an account for it in the day of judgment. For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned (Mt.12:36-37).


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@cityreach.com.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Wed 9/10/19

2 Samuel 8:1-18 … DAVID EXTENDS HIS EMPIRE AND HIS TREASURES.

Q.1. How far did David extend his reign? On what basis? Was it right for David to hamstring horses? – (2 Sam.8:1-6 c.f. Deut.17:16; Ps.20:7) =

Q.2. What did David do with the spoils of victory? What was Joram’s mission? How did David control his empire?  – (2 Sam.8:7-18 c.f. 1 Kgs.4:21; 7:51; ) =

David’s Victories

After this David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

And he defeated Moab and he measured them with a line, making them lie down on the ground. Two lines he measured to be put to death, and one full line to be spared. And the Moabites became servants to David and brought tribute.

David also defeated Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to restore his power at the river Euphrates. And David took from him 1,700 horsemen, and 20,000 foot soldiers. And David hamstrung all the chariot horses but left enough for 100 chariots. And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 men of the Syrians. Then David put garrisons in Aram of Damascus, and the Syrians became servants to David and brought tribute. And the Lord gave victory to David wherever he went. And David took the shields of gold that were carried by the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem. And from Betah and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, King David took very much bronze.

When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the whole army of Hadadezer, 10 Toi sent his son Joram to King David, to ask about his health and to bless him because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him, for Hadadezer had often been at war with Toi. And Joram brought with him articles of silver, of gold, and of bronze. 11 These also King David dedicated to the Lord, together with the silver and gold that he dedicated from all the nations he subdued, 12 from Edom, Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

13 And David made a name for himself when he returned from striking down 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 14 Then he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom he put garrisons, and all the Edomites became David’s servants. And the Lord gave victory to David wherever he went.

David’s Officials

15 So David reigned over all Israel. And David administered justice and equity to all his people. 16 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder, 17 and Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Seraiah was secretary, 18 and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over[a] the Cherethites and the Pelethites, and David’s sons were priests.

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. How far did David extend his reign? On what basis? Was it right for David to hamstring horses? – (2 Sam.8:1-6 c.f. Deut.17:16; Ps.20:7) = God had told both Abraham and Moses – I will fix your boundary from the Red Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness to the River Euphrates … (Exo.23:31 c.f. Gen.15:18-21). This chapter recorded the progress made in securing the land that was promised in God’s covenant with Abraham (i) From the Red Sea – 2 Sam.8:14; (ii) The sea of the Philistines (i.e. the Mediterranean Sea) – 2 Sam.8:1; (iii) The Wilderness (on the east) – 2 Sam.8:2; (iv) The Euphrates River (often referred to as the River) – 2 Sam.8:3. This territory was consolidated under David’s son, King Solomon who – ruled over all the kingdoms from the River (Euphrates) to the land of the Philistines (Mediterranean Sea) and to the border of Egypt (Red Sea); They brought tribute to Solomon all the days of his life (1 Kgs.4:21 c.f. 2 Chron.9:26). David subjected the surrounding kingdoms, and made them pay tribute (2 Sam.8:2 & 6). David heeded the warning not to multiply soldiers and horses … something Solomon failed to obey. David wrote – Some boast in chariots and some in horses, but we will boast in the name of the Lord (Ps.20:7 c.f. Deut.17:16; 1 Kgs.9:22; 10:26). By hamstringing the chariot horses, he prevented them from participating in war (2 Sam.8:4). Hamstring injuries are common among athletes and animals involved in sports. Rest is the best cure.

Q.2. What did David do with the spoils of victory? What was Joram’s mission? How did David control his empire?  – (2 Sam.8:7-18 c.f. 1 Kgs.4:21; 7:51) = David brought the spoils of battle, especially the gold, silver, and bronze to the treasury in Jerusalem and – dedicated these to the Lord, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated from all the nations which he had subdued (2 Sam.8:11 c.f. 2 Sam.8:7 & 10). Joram was the son of Toi, the king of Hamath … some 475 kms north of Jerusalem. Hamath had been defeated by Hadadezer, whom David had vanquished. He brought David treasures of gold, silver, and bronze (2 Sam.8:10-11). When Solomon had finished building the temple, he – brought in the things dedicated by his father David, the silver and gold, and the utensils, and he put them in the treasuries of the house of the Lord (1 Kgs.7:51 c.f. 1 Chron.22:14-16). David controlled the conquered nations by placing military garrisons in their territories (2 Sam.8:6 & 14).


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@oakdenbaptist.org.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009

Tues 8/10/19

Exodus 34:1-35 … GOD RE-ISSUES THE TERMS OF THE COVENANT.

Q.1. On what basis was Moses to return up Mount Sinai? What guidelines did God give? How did Moses approach God? Why? – (Exo.34:1-9) =

Q.2. What promise did God make? Why was Israel to drive out the nations of the land? How did God describe His character? – (Exo.34:10-17) =

Q.3. How was Israel to remember the Lord? What offerings were they to bring to God? How would they remember God’s words? – (Exo.34:18-27) =

Q.4. How long was Moses with the Lord? How did God increase his authority? When did Moses use a veil? – (Exo.34:28-35 c.f. 2 Cor.3:13-16) =

Moses Makes New Tablets

34 The Lord said to Moses, “Cut for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke. Be ready by the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to me on the top of the mountain. No one shall come up with you, and let no one be seen throughout all the mountain. Let no flocks or herds graze opposite that mountain.” So Moses cut two tablets of stone like the first. And he rose early in the morning and went up on Mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, and took in his hand two tablets of stone. The Lord descended in the cloud and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the Lord. The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands,[a] forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.” And Moses quickly bowed his head toward the earth and worshiped. And he said, “If now I have found favor in your sight, O Lord, please let the Lord go in the midst of us, for it is a stiff-necked people, and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for your inheritance.”

The Covenant Renewed

10 And he said, “Behold, I am making a covenant. Before all your people I will do marvels, such as have not been created in all the earth or in any nation. And all the people among whom you are shall see the work of the Lord, for it is an awesome thing that I will do with you.

11 “Observe what I command you this day. Behold, I will drive out before you the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites. 12 Take care, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land to which you go, lest it become a snare in your midst. 13 You shall tear down their altars and break their pillars and cut down their Asherim 14 (for you shall worship no other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God), 15 lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and when they whore after their gods and sacrifice to their gods and you are invited, you eat of his sacrifice, 16 and you take of their daughters for your sons, and their daughters whore after their gods and make your sons whore after their gods.

17 “You shall not make for yourself any gods of cast metal.

18 “You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month Abib, for in the month Abib you came out from Egypt. 19 All that open the womb are mine, all your male[b] livestock, the firstborn of cow and sheep. 20 The firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, or if you will not redeem it you shall break its neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. And none shall appear before me empty-handed.

21 “Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest. In plowing time and in harvest you shall rest. 22 You shall observe the Feast of Weeks, the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year’s end. 23 Three times in the year shall all your males appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel. 24 For I will cast out nations before you and enlarge your borders; no one shall covet your land, when you go up to appear before the Lord your God three times in the year.

25 “You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with anything leavened, or let the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover remain until the morning. 26 The best of the firstfruits of your ground you shall bring to the house of the Lord your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.”

27 And the Lord said to Moses, “Write these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.” 28 So he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights. He neither ate bread nor drank water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.[c]

The Shining Face of Moses

29 When Moses came down from Mount Sinai, with the two tablets of the testimony in his hand as he came down from the mountain, Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone because he had been talking with God.[d] 30 Aaron and all the people of Israel saw Moses, and behold, the skin of his face shone, and they were afraid to come near him. 31 But Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the leaders of the congregation returned to him, and Moses talked with them. 32 Afterward all the people of Israel came near, and he commanded them all that the Lord had spoken with him in Mount Sinai. 33 And when Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a veil over his face.

34 Whenever Moses went in before the Lord to speak with him, he would remove the veil, until he came out. And when he came out and told the people of Israel what he was commanded, 35 the people of Israel would see the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’ face was shining. And Moses would put the veil over his face again, until he went in to speak with him.

Suggested Answers:

Q.1. On what basis was Moses to return up Mount Sinai? What guidelines did God give? How did Moses approach God? Why? – (Exo.34:1-9) = God instructed Moses to return to the top of Mount Sinai and to bring two stone tablets in place of those he had shattered. He was to ensure all people and beasts stayed well away from the mount (Exo.34:1-4). The Lord spelled out the meaning of His name – Then the Lord passed by in front of him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth; who keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations” (Exo.34:6-7). The Lord had passed by previously, revealing His glory without letting Moses see His face – for no man can see Me and live (Exo.33:20 c.f. Exo.33:19-23; 34:6). He revealed Himself to be overwhelmingly loving and kind yet warned that sin causes extensive harm. Moses was emboldened to ask that the Lord would accompany Israel despite their fickleness, and – pardon our iniquity and our sin and take us as Your own possession (Ps.34:9).

Q.2. What promise did God make? Why was Israel to drive out the nations of the land? How did God describe His character? – (Exo.34:10-17) = God promised two things – … Behold, I am going to make a covenant. Before all your people I will perform miracles which have not been produced in all the earth nor among any of the nations; and all the people among whom you live will see the working of the Lord, for it is a fearful thing that I am going to perform with you (Exo.34:10). God warned them to remove the nations, lest Israel be tempted to follow their evil gods and practices (Exo.34:11-17). They needed to be committed to obey – for you shall not worship any other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God (Exo.34:14).

Q.3. How was Israel to remember the Lord? What offerings were they to bring to God? How would they remember God’s words? – (Exo.34:18-27) = God reminded Moses that the people were to observe three festivals – Three times a year all your males are to appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel (Exo.34:23): (i) the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Exo.34:18). (ii) the Feast of Weeks (Exo.34:22). (iii) the Feast of Ingathering (Exo.34:22). All the firstborn and firstlings of the flock belonged to God, and were either offered or redeemed (Exo.34:19-20 & 26). They were to work for six days, but keep the sabbath to rest and reflect on the Lord (Exo.34:21). Life blood was precious, as were all the sacrifices made to God. The words of the covenant were written down, so Israel would remember God’s commandments (Exo.34:27).

Q.4. How long was Moses with the Lord? How did God increase his authority? When did Moses use a veil? – (Exo.34:28-35 c.f. 2 Cor.3:13-16) = Moses was wonderfully sustained by God, even though he did not eat or drink for forty days and nights – And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments (Exo.34:28).  Moses was unaware – that the skin of his face shone because of His speaking with Him (Exo.34:29). This gave him a unique authority, as the people – were afraid to come near him (Exo.34:30). Moses kept a veil on his face, except for when he entered the presence of the Lord, and initially when he spoke to the people (Exo.34:31-35). Paul pointed out that the veil was like a covering over the eyes of Israel when they look at Christ. However –whenever a person turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away (2 Cor.3:16).


(Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.)

If you have any queries about your readings, check Bible Commentary via sonic light.com  or discuss it with your Real Life Group leader or email paulh@oakdenbaptist.org.au

©PaulHoogenraad2009